Outdoor leadership

this round, I have join an exploration called, outdoor leadership. this exploration have touch me a lot for my life survival including CPR, how to have have water to drink, foods, sleeping in the forest. other than that, I can also learn how to help my friends when they have an emergency in the forest or somewhere that did not have close by hospital. so here are some of the actions and activities that i have done on my trip. 

Carbon

Carbon is virtually important molecule in carbon cycle. It helps to create a lot of things that we need in order to survive such as, protein, fats, nucleic acids, lipids and carbohydrates. There are approximately 0.04% of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere. It is a big number right?, compare to whole amount of people in the universe. I don’t know this before, it was quite interesting to me. When I started learning this lesson, I know that carbon are also present in ocean and freshwater as by dissolved carbon dioxide. One interesting thing is that, carbon is also present in the limestone! ( CaCo3). I used think that carbon are really bad for our environment, don’t you? In fact, it helps a lot. Carbon helps the tree do photosynthesis. When trees do photosynthesis, we all can have oxygen which is one of the thing that we must have so, when ever the sun comes out, the plants and trees will do the photosynthesis. Do you the process of photosynthesis? Well, they always absorb carbon in the day time and release it at the night time. However, have you ever imagine our life without carbon? I thought it would be good if it extinct, but sadly it was not what i thought. When they extinct, these are the disadvantages.

  • Not enough carbon to do photosynthesis
  • A lot of dead stuff, so smell not good
  • No oxygen/ no photosynthesis
  • More waste are building up
  • You could have disease

For loops

Last term, We have studied about some of the basic, so this round we are starting into the first lessons. We learn for loops. we use it to print out data like names, and inputs. we mostly make some of the practices in the class. it was hard for the first time, but after I practice it, things get easier. I really like how to was teach, because I could know more how to create more functions for another project that i would need in the future. Technovation is one of the biggest project that I have join, so I might use python or codding rule for coding my application. I thought coding actually really useful, because it helps my brain to think critically. 

here is the example

  • if statements
  • Else if statements
  • continue statements
  • loops
  • ( we also learn more, but I missed the class for other project )

basically, these are the work that i have done

L = “letter”

Fruites = [‘apple’, ‘bannana’]

For x in fruites:

If x == “banana”:

Break

Print (x) ( it will not print your value because the word ” break ” mean to stop all the code )

Fruite [ ‘apple’, ‘banana’, ‘cherry’ ]

For x in fruits:

If x == “banana”:

Continue

Print (x) ( it will print out apple and cherry, because the word ” continue ” is to skips  a value. 

so, this is it! basically, it is to print out data or values that we are given in some points. However, some of them are really complicated, that is why it need a lot of determination. I first, kind of stress out a bit for the lesson, but that’s life. I got to ask my coding teacher clear detail of what I don’t understand, so that I could remember all of the steps and rules. 

Indigenous community exploration

There is one main goal in our exploration.Our goal is to preserve and promote  including raising awareness for the indigenous groups, because we want the world to know about all of the indigenous community that exist in Cambodia. We are looking forward to achieve on making an indigenous book including the blog that we find out all of the information by our trip to Kampong Speu and Ratanakiri last month. Basically, there are more than 20 groups of indigenous community in Cambodia, but we only choose 5 of them. They are Tompoun, Souy, Jarai, Kreung and Kachok. The reason we choose these groups because of the time limit and they are accessible and have enough information for us to be able to ask. On the other hand, We have divided our team into many different categories to interview people, such as culture, believe, geography, food, items, languages, folklore, history and some more. We started to write all of the information down from week 4 so, it is pretty fast for us to check those with our facilitator. In fact, All of them needed to be checked the English and Khmer by our facilitator so, it will take a long time for finishing our goal, but We hope you will wait and see the results. However, some of the groups might have a lot of letters than photo because we did not get the chance to take photos for it. Just because of some of the culture and believe. if you want to know more, you can read more about it in your free time. There are a lot of interesting facts that you might surprised or teach you something new.  Here is the link to the blog that we create

http://indigenouspeoples.ligeracademyblog.org/

*it have not completely finish, but on Souy categories, we are finished. We hope we will done all of them by the end of 2018

Fact/highlight about indigenous groups

Indigenous people don’t eat people meat or raw fish as we think, they actually have their cooking habit and creative ideas for foods too. We don’t have to be scared of them because they are really friendly and nice once we know how to communicate with them and make them feel comfortable talking to us. They are shy, so we need to speak carefully and make them talk to us back, so we will have all of the information that we want. That’s the tip.

Here are some of the fact or highlight for these groups:

  • Believe strong in animism and forest ( mostly Souy )
  • Female is the one who go and ask the male for marriage
  • Jarai still have problem with gender qualities  ( girl stay at home, girls don’t learn,… )
  • Jarai, Kachok don’t have any toilet in their house
  • Kachok have live in as a clan. In each house, they have at least 6 relative families that live together
  • On the funeral, they all buried the dead body.
  • Tampon call the head tribe people as the elders of the village

 

Advice from movies

In this round, we have been working on meaning of movies and Khmer theories. There are two of the movies that we had watched. Those are the educational movies and meaningful. After we watch, we summarized and Identify the advices that the movies had teach us. Each of the characters have their own teaching style. One of the recent movie is, Pailen rose ( កុលាបប៉ៃលិន ). We have identify the advice from the characters. Example, for the the main character, they teach us to be polite, helpful, friendly and work hard. Once we finish our movie, we had a reading contest. This was lead by our facilitator. We read Pailin rose stories and we divided the role as we want for the characters. The next day, we had reading contest for our khmer point, so everyone will just choose a book that they would like to read for their facilitator. I chose a khmer book called “ ព្រះវេសន្ត”. There are so many khmer vocabulary for me, so I need to write those down and check all of its meaning in Choun Nath dictionary after all. Beside, these activities, we  sometimes go back to our poem and correct the words carefully for the book. By the way, this round still a great round though. I would prefer doing these other than going to summarize so many things from the article.

These are the characters advice that they had teach us:

ចៅចិត្ត

  • ខិតខំធ្វើការ
  • បន្ទាបខ្លួន
  • មិនធ្វើខ្លួនក្រអឺត​ក្រទម
  • ឧស្សាហ៍ព្យាយាម
  • ជួយយកអសារអ្នកដ៏ទៃ ដោយមិនគិតជានណារក្តី
  • ដឹងគុណអ្នកជុំវិញខ្លួន
  • មិនល្មើសសិទ្ធនារី
  • មិននិយាយខ្លាំងៗ ឬ​ មិនគួរសមទៅអ្នកដ៏ទៃ
  • ស្មោះត្រង់
  • អត់ធន់

ឃុននារី

  • ចិត្តល្អ
  • មិនឈ្នានីស
  • យកអលារអ្នកដ៏ទៃ
  • មិនរើសអើង
  • ជួយធ្វើការ
  • ជួយធុរៈ
  • ទន់ភ្លន់
  • មិនបៀតបៀនអ្នកជុំវិញខ្លួន ឬ អ្នកធ្វើបាបនាង

បាឡាត់

  • យកតែរួចខ្លួន
  • កុំយករបស់អ្នកដទៃ
  • កុំប្រព្រឹត្រ្តិអំពើខុសច្បាប់
  • កុំរើសអើងគេ
  • កុំយកតែមុខ
  • កុំរិកពេក
  • កុំមើលងាយគេពេក
  • កុំមើលងាយអ្នកក្រ
  • កុំជាព្រាននារី

ហ្លួងរតនៈសម្បត្តិ

  • មិនរើសអើងអ្នកក្រ
  • ប្រណៃអ្នកទីទល់
  • ចេះបែងចែកខុសត្រូវ
  • មិនប្រកាន់វណ្ណះ
  • មិនកាន់ជើងអ្នកមាន
  • ចែកចំលែកគំនិតទៅអញនកដ៏ទៃ
  • មិនធ្វើបានកម្មករ
  • ចេះអត់ធន់
  • ចេះស្វាគមន៍

Chemical bonding

A large topic in this term that I’ve learned is about chemical bonding. Chemical bonding are so important for the elements to be stable for creating new matters. There are three types of chemical bonding. They are considered as, covalent bonding, ionic bonding and metallic bonding.

Covalent bond. Covalent bond occurs when two of the nonmetal elements share electrons equally to be stable. There are three types of covalent bond which are single bond, double bond and triple bond. Single bond only share one electron  each. As an example of Hydrogen and Hydrogen. They both share one electron to have 2 complete inner shell electron. The double bond, they share two electron each. As an example of Oxygen and Oxygen. They each need to share 2 of their electron to have full shell as 8. The last bond is triple bond. It occurs when 2 elements need to share 3 electrons each. As an example of Nitrogen and Nitrogen. They both need to share 3 electrons to have full shell as 7. All of the three types of bond, are called Non Polar covalent bond.  In another case, if there are two different element wanted to share their electron, the one that have more amount will get more electron. This is called a Polar Covalent bond. One fact about about Covalent bonding is, it stronger than ionic bonding!

Ionic bonding is when a metal element transform the electrons to a non metal element. There is two names for ion. They are cation and anion. The cation is when an element gives out its electron so they can get more protons and be stable. Anion is when an element receive electron from cation and then they can have stable negative charge.

Metallic bonding is when the element that are metal attract with the same metal element and then form a stronger metal that are hard to be rusted. This means, the things that form by metallic bonding, is not easy to be rusted or break. On example is steel. Steel is very strong and not rusted easier, because it form from metallic bonding.

this some of the highlights from this round

Fractions and geomentry

Math one of an important subject that we need to learn. I’ve learned so much from this term. Fractions and geometry are the lessons that we currently working on.  This what I remember from those lessons.

To multiply fraction with fraction, we multiply its numerator with numerator and denominator with denominator. If we want to multiply fraction with whole number, we just take the whole number and multiply it by the numerator, then we will get the answer. To divide fractions, we need to remember a phrase called “ flip and multiple” those means we have to flip the second fraction and then do the multiplication as normal. If we want to divide it with whole number, just take the whole number and then multiply it with they denominator, we will get the answer. For both multiply and divide, if it is the mixed number, we need to convert it to improper fraction first and then do the math as above. One thing that we really need to remember for the fraction is that, all of the answer that we got from they divide or multiplications are required to be in simplest form.

example

Geometry. To find the area of a triangle, we need to take base multiply with height and then divide it by 2. For the rectangle, to find the area, we need to take height times with base and then we will get the answer. To find the perimeter of the rectangle, we need to take length add with width and then times two.  

Triangle = ( H X B ) divide 2 = Area

Rectangle = H X B = Area

      = ( H + B ) X 2 = perimeter

example

Photography

photography is my favorite activity to do in my free time. luckily, this round I have the opportunity to learn about it. here are some of they really easy tips that I will need to know in order to do have my good photos. I need to use three different type of exposure that camera will use to have the good quality, such as Shutter speed, aperture, and ISO.

Shutter speed. shutter speed is how long would I want the light to get in into my camera. The larger the number is, the less amount of light will come in. if I put smaller amount of the number, I will get more light for the photos. Example, 1/20 vs 1/2000. I would get more light if I use the number 1/20, and I will get darker photos if I use 1/2000 because it is faster of getting the light in. it just like our eyes. If we open our eyes longer, we will see more light. If we open our eyes for 1 sec and close it back, there will be little bit of light we see.

Aperture. Aperture is the size of the camera’s lens that are open. The just the same as shutter speed. The smaller the number that I use, the more blurry background my photos have. Example,  F 1.4 have wider open, so it will give me more blurry background in my photos. If i put the number to F 14, my photo will be completely focus on everything that we want to capture clearly.

ISO. ISO is how sensitive is the camera to the light. This is easy. The higher number of ISO that we put, we will have more noise and grain in our photo. Using smaller amount of number, the photo will get clear. However, ISO also help for the brightness of the photos, so be mindful for that, I will need to have the right amount of ISO for each picture I take. 800 – 1000 is one of the common number that is right for most of the situations.

“using lower shutter speed”
“using higher shutter speed”
” using lower aperture “
” using higher aperture “
highlight
highlight @Vuochnea
highlight
highlight @kuy_chan + @chornson

English Literacy

“bookshelves”
“reading book for team discussion”

English literacy is a class that teach almost every that we have not know before. In this class, we learn to write, to read, to create, to change and to work as a team everyday. Before class start, we have a affirmation to make our day positive too.Every Week, we have new vocabulary package that contain ten new words and of of the practice exercises with it. As you know, if we have ten new words everyday, we also have to have one test per week as well, because our teacher want us to remember the words. All of the words are connect to the ancient English that took from Latin and Greek. Now, we start to have a new lesson that us a prompt called, Hyper doc. We use this to learn one lesson about “poison”. This include everything that the writer need to include to make their story meaningful. We review the way to write a story too. There are a lot of thing that we learned from this class, because we have real experience and our facilitator use a lot of website that help us to learn our vocabulary and more group works. One example is the flip grid. We choose our idea and discuss who will we choose to make the exhibit for and then make a video to show our idea and our goal. We also learn about the famous people’s life, like how do they get succeed and how are their life inspiring( Malala, Gandhi, Rosa park…) this is a really interesting class. I am impressed that I have participate in this class.

Robotic

“Group photo at the robotic competition field in Singapore”

Robotic is one of my favorite exploration throughout the year. We have 10 members in this class including one more lovely facilitator, Da who gave us the most valuable opportunity. This involve so many determination and virtualization, in order to build our new robots and use original strategies to compete with other group all around Asia.

This year, we focus on hydrodynamic for our missions. We have a lot of missions in our competition. My group have 7 weeks to prepare and be ready for the competition at Singapore. We have two groups, which are LLA1 and LLA2. We all start to build our robots and code it all by our own and learn to do it from our seniors also YouTube. Through the week, we did a very splendid job. We all get experiences and start to be a better collaborator, because we need to understand as much as forgiving each other when we do the project together. At that time, we also went to interview people around our community and get the information about the hydrodynamic, so then we could present to our judges.

The day had arrived. We have our last practice in Cambodia. We start to pack and be ready for our fist fly ever. When we arrived our station, we go to our host family house and then start our day on the next day. My group did not passed the round, but however another teammate group had passed the first round, so they could go to the final round. We continue our adventure. After finishing all of the exhausting and dehydrating day, it is finally time to come back.

It was great being one of the member in this exploration and get the experiences that I have never met before.